Natural Cannabinoids – where can they be found?
A cannabinoid is any chemical that acts on cannabinoid receptors such as CB1 and CB2 in the brain and body. There have been over 100 natural cannabinoids identified to date and that number is likely to increase in the years to come.
Leading researchers such as Raphael Mechoulam have made some important discoveries on the benefits of cannabinoids. They are just one group of many fascinating phytochemicals that are predominantly found in Hemp or Cannabis plants.
But did you know that natural cannabinoids are produced in the human body and can be found in several common foods?
Where can natural cannabinoids be found?
1) Cannabinoids in cannabis or hemp
As previously mentioned, cannabinoids are most abundant in the cannabis plant. The most well-known cannabinoids are THC, which is widely known for having a euphoric effect, and CBD that is a very popular food supplement for general health and wellness. Other cannabinoids found in Hemp and Cannabis plants include:
- THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid)
- CBDA (cannabidiolic acid)
- CBN (cannabinol)
- CBG (cannabigerol)
- CBC (cannabichromene)
- CBL (cannabicyclol)
- CBV (cannabivarin)
- THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin)
- CBDV (cannabidivarin)
- CBCV (cannabichromevarin)
- CBGV (cannabigerovarin)
- CBGM (cannabigerol monomethyl ether)
- CBE (cannabielsoin)
- CBT (cannabicitran)
The majority of these cannabinoids have demonstrated their own unique effects and benefits. Full Spectrum CBD Oils normally contain trace amounts of most of these cannabinoids, which is why they are generally more beneficial than THC FREE CBD Oils or CBD Isolate (pure CBD crystal).
However, it is important to note that different ratios of these cannabinoids can have different effects. Thus different brands of CBD oil can be more beneficial than others. Some people may get excellent results from full-spectrum oils and some may respond better to broad-spectrum oils.
In the end, it comes down to a person’s individual endocannabinoid system (we will come to this) and what they are using it for in the first place. There is no one size – fits all CBD oil.
2) Cannabinoids in the body
Cannabinoids produced naturally within the bodies of humans and animals are known as endocannabinoids. The most important, or most well-researched endocannabinoids are anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol. What is promising is that CBD has a very similar chemical structure to anandamide.
The interaction of endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors is the foundation of the Endocannabinoid System, which is increasingly being recognised as a crucial internal system that regulates aspects such as pain, mood, stress, sleep patterns, memory and anxiety.
3) Cannabinoids in common foods
Beta-caryophyllene is abundant in cannabis, hops, rosemary, black pepper, oregano, clove and cinnamon, and is partly responsible for the spicy scent of black pepper.
Other foods that contain chemicals that interact with cannabinoid receptors include:
- Certain Sunflowers
- Black Truffles
You may find that including more of these foods into your diet on top of your CBD supplementation regime could be highly beneficial.
Do you know any other foods that contain cannabinoids? Let us know in the comments!